Earth Scientists play in key roles in satisfying the society’s demands for our Blue Planet’s resources (food, minerals, life) while limiting the detrimental effects of excessive human activity. With climate change and a global increasing population, our world is rapidly changing and in need of Earth Scientists to develop sustainable energetic alternatives, find additional natural resources, predict natural disasters to keep populations safe (earthquakes, tsunamis landslides, floods).
Most Earth Scientists have the following academic baggage: a Bachelor of Science in Earth Science, Environmental Science, Geology or Geophysics. After this a Master of Science usually follows with a specialization on topics such as Petrology, Marine Geology, Seismology, Geochemistry or Mining Engineering. Here are some examples of what type of jobs you can expect after pursuing such degrees:
- Engineering geologist: undertake a technical analysis of soil, rock, groundwater and risk assess geological hazards to determine whether a site can be constructed upon safely or not. The built structures need to be secure both in the short and long term.
- Environmental consultant: provide expert insight to clients to minimize or eliminate environmental damage, often caused by humans. Some examples include waste management, air contamination and pollution emissions. You will likely be part of a consultancy firm to address both governmental and commercial contracts.
- Geochemist: use physical and inorganic chemistry to report the amount/distribution of chemical elements in rocks and minerals. They use their skills to find natural resources to meet industrial demands but also clean up contaminated Earth environment (toxic waste sites, purifiy water).
The CPD accredited courses are carefully crafted to help you gain in-depth knowledge on a topic of your interest.
- Geophysicist: study physical Earth aspects (seismic waves to know what lies below the surfaces or rock examinations) and usually work for oil and gas companies. You will likely work offshore and deploy seismometers during your career as well as analyse collected seismic data.
- Hydrogeologist: focus on the distribution, flow and quality of underground water while trying to preserve it. Tasks you may be involve with include interpreting map data to build groundwater conceptual models, underground water sampling and monitoring various sites for quality-control assessments.
- Mudloggers: monitor and record drilling activity on a well’s status during oil or gas extraction. All the collected preliminary data (eg rock type and density) are key when choosing well placement sites. You will use an array of equipment such as binocular microscopes or ultraviolet fluorescence to compile an accurate geological record of the site being drilled.